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Some Great Benefits Of El Salvadorian Women

The law provided blanket protection against criminal prosecution and civil penalties for crimes committed during the country’s civil war ( ), and the court’s ruling held that the Legislative Assembly did not have authority to grant an absolute amnesty. Nevertheless, the court held that the law continues to be enforced for those crimes committed during the civil war years that do not constitute serious human rights abuses. The ruling declaring the Amnesty Law unconstitutional empowered parties to request judges to reopen cases related to civil war era crimes and for individuals to petition the attorney general to open new cases. The Inspector General’s Office reported that 633 police officers received human rights training in the past year.

The chances for acceptance of this proposal are very low, as it needs 43 votes in the Parliamentary Assembly to pass. Despite international support –from Germany and Switzerland, among others – our friend doesn’t believe that 12 members of the right wing would vote in favour for the draft law. Much of that repression was in response to the political organization of the people in the 1960s and 1970s as workers, peasants, women, students, and shanty town dwellers developed organizations to demand political and economic rights.

However, gang violence has yet to be meaningfully addressed via a WPS lens. Additionally, while gang violence in El Salvador has been well-studied, it is rare for literature to discuss it as a gendered phenomenon. The literature that does often focuses on the important issue of violence against women, but not necessarily on women as leaders or decision-makers in peace and security issues. It is not possible in this article to address all gendered security aspects of gang violence broadly or in El Salvador specifically, but we call for additional scholarship on these critical issues. As gangs extort neighborhoods and infiltrate state institutions, they increasingly control territory and yield political power. As non-state armed actors bent on undermining the state for their own gain and political purpose, they are increasingly engaged in a ‘new war.’ Responding to this ‘new war’ requires new interpretations of the societal conditions under which it has flourished. Although men may appear as the prominent actors in gangs and in the state response, women play critical and unique roles as members of gangs, in communities in proximity to gang activity, and in responding to gang violence.

The abortion ban in El Salvador is a blatant violation of internationally recognized rights, including the right to health, life, liberty, and physical integrity. The criminalization of abortion in El Salvador denies women their rights to control their bodies and to access reproductive health services that would enable them to enjoy healthy lives. Beatriz had lupus and kidney disease, and she was told by her medical professionals that not only would the pregnancy be potentially threatening to her health and life, but that the fetus had fatal congenital anomalies and would not survive. Despite multiple human rights bodies condemning El Salvador’s absolute abortion ban and the government’s response to Beatriz’s case, she was never granted access to a therapeutic abortion—even as her health deteriorated. It was not until 27 weeks into her pregnancy that Beatriz was granted a caesarean section.

In December 2014 one of “Las 17,” Mirna Isabel Rodriguez, “Mima,” was released after serving her prison sentence before her pardon could be finalized. On May 20, San Salvador’s Third Tribunal Sentencing Court ruled there was not enough evidence to salvador girls prove charges against a second member of the group, Maria Teresa Rivera, for aggravated homicide after having a miscarriage in 2011. On October 24, an appellate court did not admit a case against a third member, Santos Elizabeth Gamez Herrera.

Find out more about the training we provide in El Salvador in the below video. With the 2009 elections, the leftist party came to power for the first time in over two decades. The new government focused on promoting the Universal Social Protection System as a strategy of social development, while seeking coverage of basic social services to the impoverished population, such as education, health, violence prevention, and basic pension. The need to halt environmental degradation and curb proneness to disasters caused by natural phenomena has also been recognized. The main challenges the country currently faces are migration, violence and social insecurity, gender inequality as well as the proneness to climate change impacts and the impacts of natural and anthropic phenomena. The next day we meet a European friend who has been living in El Salvador for a long time. We ask him about existing perspectives for a change on the absolute ban on abortion and on the situation of the imprisoned women.

The Unexposed Secret of El Salvador Women

With gang violence primarily viewed as a domestic criminal issue, external support for conflict mitigation and humanitarian assistance is often low. Yet the disruptive impact of such high rates of violence is significant, and the humanitarian impact is severe. New theoretical frameworks are needed to better problematize extreme armed violence in ‘peacetime’ states. This article seeks to bring an understanding of the severity of armed violence in states such as El Salvador into engagement with the critical and theoretical foundations of the women, peace and security field. Gendered dynamics shape gang violence in El Salvador, and a gender lens helps reimagine its impact.

States parties have a duty to take all necessary steps to ensure women’s rights, particularly their sexual and reproductive health rights. States should respect these rights by removing legislation that penalizes women for having abortions. States should further protect and fulfill these rights by ensuring access to reproductive care that is accessible, available, acceptable, and of high quality. Furthermore, international attention to the Zika outbreak has generated a discussion on women’s sexual and reproductive rights in El Salvador, indicating a ripe political environment for change. This is particularly problematic since women in El Salvador do not typically have access to family planning services, such as contraception to prevent pregnancies, or abortions to safely terminate unwanted pregnancies.

Responding to questions concerning the Platform, she said it had been vital in preparing the National Policy on Women. It had consisted of round tables with NGOs and governmental agencies, as well as international bodies, in reaching consensus on national policy for women. The Constitution, she said, stated that all people were equal before the law, with no distinction made as regarded economic and social rights. Discrimination was handled under those terms, and the countries two legislatures were currently proceeding with constitutional reform. Three-quarters approval was needed in the legislature for ratification of the Optional Protocol of the Convention, which she hoped would be ratified after the elections. Responding to questions about the Institute for the Advancement of Women, Ms. Argueta said the guidelines and role of the Institute were the responsibility of the National Secretary of Women and Children. Four assisting bodies helped to ensure implementation of the Convention, although specific areas were dealt with by the ministries of education, labour, and agriculture.

An initiative of the Social Inclusion Secretariat led by the First Lady helps women fight gender violence and to know their rights. Campaigners say at least 30 women jailed for abortions under the country’s strict abortion laws have been freed following retrials and reviews in the past 10 years, but around 20 women remain in prison. homicide statistics to evaluate how many women and LGBTI people are killed as a result of their gender identity and/or sexual orientation, but Comcavis has recorded at least 600 killings of LGBTI people in El Salvador since 1992. , an organization working to help trans women who have suffered violence and forced displacement in El Salvador, quickly set up an emergency plan to support those most vulnerable.

Many Salvadorans, especially rural peasants, do not trust the nation’s political leaders. IMU’s vision is to make a contribution to social change in a society characterized by patriarchal structures. The declared aim is to combat gender-specific discrimination and disadvantage against women and to strengthen women’s rights. Working with ORMUSA we are seeing the struggles that women face, and how they are helping them to make changes through demanding public policies on violence against women, and for the protection of sexual and reproductive rights. In November,12 countries denouncedthe criminalization of abortion in El Salvador as part of the Universal Periodic Review by the United Nations Human Rights Council. In January, a group of United Nations human rights experts called on El Salvador to review its draconian abortion law and pardon all women jailed for obstetric emergencies. Today we remember that women’s rights are human rights, and I invite you to join the call for a better future for girls and women #YouNotice, violence does not give you power” highlighted Karolina Guay.

The National Policy for Women was adopted in 1997, which the Institute followed up with a technical and participative process to further the advancement of women. The National Policy focused on 10 areas of interest to women, and has recently set up a new plan of action.

Members of the LGBTI community stated that PNC and Attorney General’s Office personnel ridiculed them when they applied for identification cards or reported cases of violence against LGBTI persons. The NGO Space for Lesbian Women for Diversity claimed that, as of November, the Attorney General’s Office had not prosecuted any cases of killings and other violent acts or of possible human rights violations committed by public officials against LGBTI persons.